The notion of belonging offers the double advantage of being less unyielding than the concept of identity and closer to the phenomena of “recompositions”. The notion may lead our reflection to sociological, political and theological fields, which is specific to modernity. Indeed, contemporary transformations need to be dealt with through the modes of transition, rupture and antagonisms that interact with tradition and modernity.

From this perspective of unity/diversity, uniqueness/multiplicity, how are the notions of singular and plural linked to the theme of belonging? How can we grasp the multiple characteristics of modern pluralism, and the plurality of belongings and opinions within Islam? Contrary to totalizing discourses that consider Islam as a global referent, the modes of belonging to Islam are, on the contrary, as rich as they are diversified. In other words, plurality is not the privilege of modernity, insofar as it can obey other logics.

From this synthetic introduction, three main themes emerge: citizenship, territory(ies), community(ies).


I – Membership(s) and Citizenship


1) Comparative Study Among European States

2) Comparative Study Among Southern Mediterranean Countries

3) Comparative Study Among Muslim authors and/or actors

II – Belonging(s) and Territory(ies)

1) Concepts and Categories

2) Interreligious Dialogue and Territory

3) Geopolitics and Territory

III – Belonging(s) and Community(ies)

1) Community(ies), plurality, alterity

2) Community(ies) and fraternity

3) Community(ies) under reconstruction